Fluoride is an important mineral for teeth as it helps rebuild the enamel which serves as a protective layer over your teeth. Fluoride is great for your teeth in small doses, however, too much fluoride can lead to dental fluorosis—a condition that often results in the discoloration, staining and in severe cases, pitting of your enamel. While it is most common in children, it can happen to anybody who has too much fluoride.
Dental fluorosis is usually caused by ingesting too much fluoride while the teeth are developing. Dental fluorosis can discolor the teeth and the resulting problems can range from white flecks to deep brown stains.
Fluorosis mainly occurs during the very early stages of child development, typically anywhere from 3 months to 8 years old.
In the majority of cases, it will be very minimal effects and it will barely be noticeable, with tiny specks or white streaks visible on the front surfaces of teeth.
In the most severe cases, teeth can become uneven, rough and even have brown marking discoloration. If you have suffered from fluorosis as a child, the stains and spots may darken over time and will become permanent.
How do I prevent Fluorosis?
The most important steps to take is to limit your child intake of fluoride at a young age, and ensure to carefully read labels of foods, mouthwash and toothpaste to ensure they have low levels. Fluoride has a number of sources, which is why it is very important to be aware of where it can be found. You should check for:
- • Some mouthwashes (check the ingredients to be sure)
- • Foods (a lot of processed & soy foods, be careful to check labels)
- • Water (depending on where you live, more fluoride will be found in the water – less developed countries tend to have higher amounts)
How can we treat dental fluorosis?
At Ascent Dental Care Malvern, we have a wide range of cosmetic procedures available to help successfully treat those who experience moderate-to-severe symptoms of dental fluorosis.
Most treatments are cosmetic and used to mask the stains.
- Teeth Whitening: Professional tooth whitening can help to remove the stains on the surface of your teeth.
- Bonding: Composite bonding can help to instantly mask staining and discoloration.
- Veneers: Dental veneers are custom made from porcelain and bonded to the front surface of your teeth to completely cover staining, pitting and discoloration
If you think you would benefit from treatment for dental fluorosis, please call us to book your free consultation with a member of our experienced team